Q. What is 'Turnitin'?
Q. Why does the ANU use Turnitin?
Q. How does Turnitin work?
Q. What are the accepted file types for Turnitin?
Q. How does Word Counting function work in Turnitin Feedback Studio?
Q. What is an Originality Report?
Q. What is GradeMark?
Q. How do I use Turnitin as a Lecturer?
Q. Can I change the standard assignment creation settings?
Q. Why do I have to accept Turnitin's 'User Agreement' the first time I use Turnitin?
Q. Do I have to use Turnitin?
Q. What do I do if a student wants to 'opt-out' of using Turnitin?
Q. Why do I see a "Non Moodle User" in my Turnitin Submission Inbox?
Q. Why do I get a M14:11 loading error message when I tried to view the originality report?
Q. How do I allow a student to resubmit after the due date?
Q. Why can't I backup/restore/import/duplicate Turnitin assignment in Wattle?
Q. Where can I go for more information?
Q. What is a rubric?
Turnitin is a 'text-matching' software which is designed to educate students regarding appropriate citation and referencing techniques. Turnitin is also used to provide the ANU with confidence in the academic integrity of students work. Turnitin does this by comparing a student submission against an archive of Internet documents, Internet data, a repository of previously submitted papers, and subscription repository of periodicals, journals, and publications. Turnitin then creates an 'Originality Report' which can be viewed by both lecturers and students, which identifies where the text within a student submission has matched another source.
It is important to note that Turnitin does not detect plagiarism. Turnitin will only match the text within a student's assignment to text located elsewhere (e.g. found on the Internet, within journals or on databases of student papers). Correct interpretation of these results by both lecturers and students is essential for the successful use of Turnitin.
A large number of leading Universities across the world, including several members of the Group of Eight, are currently using Turnitin to enhance the education experience they provide to their students.
The ANU uses Turnitin both as a tool to educate students regarding appropriate citation and referencing techniques as well as to provide the ANU with confidence in the academic integrity of students work. Turnitin also provides lecturers and tutors with modern online grading capabilities and enhances the way in which students receive their grades and feedback on assessment items.
It is important to understand that Turnitin is not a punitive tool or a mechanism to 'catch students out'. The primary purpose of using Turnitin is to provide students with an interactive means of understanding and applying citation and referencing techniques in their work, and provide online grading to academic staff.
If misconduct is suspected as a result of using Turnitin, information provided through the use of Turnitin would not in itself determine any wrongdoing. This information would be considered within the wider context of the ANU Code of Practice for Student Academic Integrity.
If a lecturer chooses to use Turnitin for a particular Course or Assignment, the lecturer will create a 'Turnitin Assignment' within Wattle. When a student submits a 'Turnitin Assignment' within Wattle, the assignment will then be submitted to Turnitin for text-matching.
Turnitin matches the text within an assignment by comparing a student's submission against an archive of internet documents, Internet data, a repository of previously submitted papers, and subscription repository of periodicals, journals, and publications. Turnitin then creates an 'Originality Report' which can be viewed by both lecturers and students, which identifies where the text within a student submission has matched another source.
Turnitin also stores a record of all submitted assignments on a central database. This is done so that future submissions, for example assignments submitted to the ANU in future years, will be checked against previously submitted assignments.
While Turnitin retains a copy of submitted assignments, it does not reproduce these assignments or disclose them to third parties. This means that while a copy of your student's assignment is stored, it is never shown to a third party and the student retains ownership of their assignment.
- Microsoft (.doc/.docx)
- OpenOffice Text (.odt)
- WordPerfect® (.wpd)
- PostScript (.ps)
- Hangul Word Processor file (.hwp)
- Rich text format (.rtf)
- Plain text (.txt)
- Google Docs via Google Drive™
- Adobe® PDF
- Microsoft PowerPoint® (.pptx, .ppt, .ppsx, and .pps)
- Microsoft Excel® (.xls and .xlsx)
- Password protected files
- Microsoft® Works (.wps) files
- Microsoft Word 2007 macros-enabled .docm files
- OpenOffice Text (.odt) files created and downloaded from Google Docs online
- Document (.doc) files created using OpenOffice, as they are not 100% Microsoft Word equivalent
- Apple Pages
- Spreadsheets created outside of Microsoft Excel (i.e. .ods)
- Text with visual effects
For further details regarding these accept and not accepted files, what other attention should the user pay when uploading the accepted files, please refer to:
The 'Originality Report' is the report Turnitin creates after it has assessed a student submission against the Internet, repositories of previously submitted papers, and subscription repositories of periodicals, journals, and publications.
The 'Originality Report' identifies where content in a student's submission has been 'text-matched' to other sources. The 'Originality Report' shows the overall 'similarity index' percentage (the total percent of the submission matched against other sources), and provides a detailed breakdown of what text within the submission has been matched against what source (e.g. Internet sites, journals or previous submissions).
Please refer to the detailed reference guide 'How to Interpret an Originality Report' for additional information.
- What is an acceptable score in Turnitin
- What does the Originality Report do
In Turnitin Feedback Studio, different file types may generate different Word Count.
For Microsoft Word files, Turnitin uses a similar word count used by MS Word and does not count the words in text-boxes, footnotes, and endnotes.
For PDF files, a different algorithm is used, as there is no inbuilt word count tool in Adobe PDF. As such, PDF submissions will result in inflated word count as all the text will be counted as regular word count, including footnotes, endnotes and words in text-boxes.
As this is considered the expected behaviour by Turnitin, it is advised to treat the Turnitin word count as indicative only. Academics should use their judgement when it comes to word limits.
GradeMark is a feature within Turnitin which allows Lecturers and Tutors to mark student submissions completely online. Within an Originality Report, you can use GradeMark to provide feedback through inserting digital comments, voice comments and Rubrics as well as provide an overall assignment grade.
Grades entered into GradeMark will automatically populate GradeBook (and vice-versa), and grades will be made available to students based on the 'Post date' set for the assignment.
Please refer to this user guide for the diffrerent settings and options of a rubric.
In order to use Turnitin and GradeMark, a Lecturer must first create a Turnitin assignment within their Course via Wattle. This will enable students enrolled in the Course to submit their assignments to Turnitin, which will generate an Originality Report and also enable the GradeMark functionality for Lecturers.
The following Reference Sheets and video have been developed to assist Lecturer's in using Turnitin:
- How to create a Turnitin assignment in Wattle
- How to grade a Turnitin assignment in GradeMark
- How to create a Turnitin assignment in Wattle
Yes. Turnitin is entirely optional and configurable on a per-assignment basis; however it is advised that unless there are unique elements of the assignment which need to be catered for, that the default settings are used. This is because the default settings ensure that Turnitin is used in a transparent and fully effective manner, for both Lecturers and students.
If you would like to modify the default assignment creation settings and need assistance, please contact the IT Service Desk or call 612 54321 and select 'Option 1' then 'Option 5'.
ANU staff and students are licensed to use the Turnitin service as part of the agreement between the ANU and Turnitin. However staff and students, as the end-users of the service, are required to confirm that they agree to the terms set out in the 'User Agreement'.
The use of Turnitin for academic staff is outlined in ANU Student Assessment (Coursework) policy. Please refer to Assessment Task Submission for the use of the University approved text-matching software (Turnitin).
Students do not have to submit their assignment to Turnitin if they choose not to accept a Turnitin 'User Agreement', but it is important that they discuss their opt-out request with you within a reasonable time prior to the due date.
It is important that you openly discuss the use of Turnitin with the student to ensure the student understands why Turnitin is used by the ANU, and that you understand the student's concerns.
Once you have discussed the matter with the student, if the student has decided they do not want to submit their assignment to Turnitin, you will need to provide the student with an alternative means of submission. For example, you may need to also create a 'Wattle assignment' within your course or arrange for the student's submission to be provided by another alternative means. As the student will still be enrolled in the course and assignment, a grade can still be entered against the assignment within Moodle (Wattle).
It is recommended the courses require all opt-out requests from students to be received by the end of Week 3.
If the student has submitted a Turnitin assignment in your Wattle course and then withdrew from the course, the student assignment would remain in the Turnitin Submission Inbox. However, the row in the Submission Inbox will be referred to a "Non Moodle user" with the student Turnitin ID listed.
You may see an error message which states: Loading Error This paper is not available Error M14:11. The error can be caused from multiple reasons, such as internet connectivity issue or server issue, etc.
If you experience this issue, the following are the available options:
1. If it's before the due date, ask the students to return to their document, open it and save it in a different format (see below) before re-submitting the assignment. When re-submitting, it may be useful to upload a version of the paper in a different document type. This may improve the chances of the paper being processed correctly.
In general, the use of PDF submissions may assist in lowering the number of M14:11 issues.
Note: It is important to note that the original submission date and time will be overwritten when re-submitting. If the due date for the assignment has already passed, the resubmitted paper will appear as 'late' (highlighted in red) in the Submission Inbox. Students are advised to contact their lecturers or tutors before re-submitting if the due date has passed.
2. If it's after the due date and resubmission is not suitable, please contact Wattle Support. We can request Turnitin support to regenerate the originality report.
As Turnitin assignment does not allow individual due date extension, if students have submitted before the due date, they are not able to resubmit after the due date, even if they have been granted an extension.
Manual deletion is required to allow resubmission after the due date. Please follow instructions below:
- The lecturer deletes the student submission.
- The lecturer informs the student that they can resubmit the assignment again.
- The student resubmits and the resubmission automatically appears in the Turnitin inbox. The student can also inform the lecturer after resubmission.
Further details can be found in the Lecturer Guide: How to allow late submissions for Turnitin Assignments.
Due to a new issue with Turnitin, the backup/restore/import/duplicate functions for Turnitin assignment is disabled in Wattle until a fix is available.
What this means:
- There is no Duplicate icon for the Turnitin assignment.
- If you roll over a course or import a course with Turnitin assignments, they will NOT come across.
- Please manually add new Turnitin assignments as needed.
If there is any special case or investigation where the colleges need to backup and restore Turnitin assignments, college administrators can contact Wattle support for assistance.
This issue is being investigated and further updates will be provided when available.
A range of 'reference sheets' and other support information is available on the Turnitin page.
A rubric is a grading assisting tool which allows quick, consistant, and accurate grading of the assignment and providing feedback to the students.
A lecturer is able to create a rubric to suit the different mariking criteria of an assignment. When setting up the rubric, the lecturer will be able to choose between a Standard, Qualitative and Custom. Between these 3 different settings, the lecturer is able to choose the best setting for the assignment. The lecturer is able to change or create a new rubric after marking has started without losing the comments that have already been added to the assignment.
If you require additional information or assistance, please contact IT Service Desk or call 612 54321 and select 'Option 1' then 'Option 5'.